Posted by: David | Sunday, May 9,2010

Being a Businessman


 It is been a very long time, I haven’t got time for blogging. After graduated from the University, many things have changed a lot. I am so busy to being a “sales” or “businessman”. I would like to share some ideas to your guys.

Initially, we see some person, who has a big car, dresses well, has a beautiful girl with him, immediately the first thought that goes through many heads is he must be a business man. Yea, he can be, but he can also be a high paid manager or something. But why do we immediately jump to the conclusion that its a businessman.

Well, the term businessman means everything that people wish for, independence, being the boss, travel, and the one who people come to, to ask for advise. But all of us who are businessman, know that’s not necessary true, the people only see our chocolate side, the surface, when we go to meetings, to impress the party to do business with us, they don´t see beneath the surface, the hard work, the struggles, and crazy work hours, and trying to grow another pair of hands to get the job done.

From my point of view, the true path of business is to be able to grasp any opportunity that comes your way, so in respect to that, any business man, is a perfectionist, to some degree, they have to bee, since only then they are able to grasp the opportunities that come their way in the individual trade.

If possible, I would like to hear your view of a businessman/woman.

Posted by: David | Friday, May 16,2008

The New Game


Today is deadline for submit the PR assignment, I have learned a lots things during the time when I blogging. I do love blogging and share ideas with people, today is not the end of the race, is the beginning of the new games which you can play with around the world!

Thanks everyone I cannot done that without you……………………

Posted by: David | Saturday, May 10,2008



Through all the recent technological advances, radio has remained almost unchanged. When people’s thoughts turn to new technology and interactive media, radio is not the first medium that springs to mind.


In the 1930s, broadcast radio has used AM (Amplitude Modulation) on both the Medium Wave and Long Wave bands. After 20 years later, in the 1950s, FM (Frequency Modulation) broadcasting began on the VHF Band, providing much better quality for listeners. Nowadays the “DAB” is still little-known outside the radio industry. But it will set broadcasting standards for the next 50 years, with DAB, radio goes digital.



  • What is DAB?


DAB (Digital Audio Broadcasting) is a new way of broadcasting radio via a network of terrestrial transmitters, bringing listeners more choice, improved sound quality, ease of tuning and extra information capacity. While DAB is the fastest-growing platform, it is important to recognize that digital radio is radio via any digital platform. It is sometimes mistakenly assumed that the term ‘digital radio’ refers only to DAB radio (radio transmitted via Digital Audio Broadcasting). For example, there are four main platforms currently which are Digital Audio Broadcasting, digital TV, mobile phone and the internet.


Figure: Top three things likely to be doing when listening radio via DAB, DTV, Internet, Mobile




(Source: WARC)


Furthermore, DAB offers the listener genuine CD quality sound, anywhere, with no interference and doing it at lower cost, since DAB broadcasts require less power than FM or AM. More importantly, it is a combination of new technologies that are likely to have a dramatic impact on radio audience throughout the world.


This process of change has raised a lot of questions about how, where and when people might listen in the digital age, and how advertisers might benefit from these trends. I believe in an increasingly consumer-led market the consumer expects the suppliers to overcome any “delivery” problems and this applies equally to radio.

Posted by: David | Saturday, May 3,2008


It is important to note that personal spaces represent a true microcosm of society. The idea that personal spaces are generated and viewed almost exclusively by lonely teenagers in their bedrooms is inaccurate.

A study done by Caroline Vogt and Stuart Knapman in 2008, during their research, they spoke to many of spaces users, from low-tech mothers maintaining personal spaces to share pictures of their children with friends and family, to business owners successfully using the power of online social networks to sell their products.

“The personal spaces user-base is as varied as the population itself”,Vogt Says.

In the world of technology, new behavior trends are predicted on an almost daily basis, but many predictions are essentially based upon new functionalities offered by new technology such as mobile TV, video calling or interactive news and so on.

By contrast, the rise of personal spaces such as MySpace, Facebook and Windows Live Spaces have been about people and their needs, with technology acting as an enabler. New behaviours have grown in quirky or unexpected ways, there are some example below:


Figure : The relative importance of websites differs by country

(Source: Taiwan News)

In Taiwan a strong sense of etiquette has built up around personal spaces, with friends caught in a continuous cycle of reciprocal commenting on one another’s sites.

In the UK, personal spaces addresses are becoming a new social currency, handed out like business cards in pubs and bars, enabling initial contact with the girls or boys you have your eye on – without the dreaded phone call.



Although online social networking is a global phenomenon, but one thing is for sure, behaviours can differ considerably from one country to the other, driven by key cultural differences. From my point of view, to successfully engage in social networks, marketers need to understand the mindsets and behaviours which are occurring within those individual networks, and think about both the author’s and viewer’s motivations and needs.







Guys congratulations!



Now is nearly end of second semester, studying in Leeds Met is a truly memorable occasion! I believe you can agree with me this time……



Posted by: David | Friday, April 25,2008

Search Engine Rank Met Conversions



Search engine has rapidly gained in popularity because of the targeted nature of the traffic it provides. Many advertisers see a high click to conversion rate for search traffic compared to other forms of online media; many markers think that is a most efficiency way to reach their target audience. However, advertisers have also seen an increase in the average cost per click for paid search advertisement.


Most paid search ads are sold on a pay for position model (Nico Brooks, 2005). For example, you can adjust the rank of your ads by raising or lowering your bid. Lowering bids decrease advertising costs, but does it also decrease the effectiveness of your ads?  I don’t think so………


What is Conversion rate? Conversion rate is the percentage of click through that result in an online conversion. Having said that, let’s take a look at Google case that will help you to get the pictures.


A study done by Nico Brooks, American Marketing Association in 2005 shows, the conversion rates for Google only fall about 20%-30% between the rank 1 and rank 10, the overall impact on conversion potential was a 90% decrease. The dramatic drop is mostly driven by the fall in click potential rather than big differences in conversion rates.


Figure: Google Adwords Date


(Source: Nico Brooks, American Marketing Association, 2005)




Today many factors contribute to the possibility of a conversion, therefore, I think understanding the online traffic analysis with the impact of rank on click to conversion rate can better control the cost of search marketing campaigns while maximizing targeted traffic and sales.

Posted by: David | Friday, April 18,2008

Word of “MOUSE”

“Word of Mouse” is the online version of Word of Mouth, internet user-driven spread of a message or communications agent. This is also called “viral”, and it usually use online by businesses is often referred to online viral marketing (Chaffey et al., 2007).


“Viral marketing is a cleaver idea, a game, a shocking idea, or a highly informative idea which makes compulsive viewing.”


                                                                      (Smith and Chaffey, 2005)



Figure: Lifecycle of a vrial campaign



(Source: WOMMA-Word of Mouth Marketing Association, 2008 )


Word of Mouse activities are becoming increasingly important to brands and companies. Because, company needs to realize that today traditional advertising ways and old media channels are no longer works. In those old media channels are too much clutter and too many noise surrounding audiences. As a result, there is another new efficiency way (online viral marketing) for advertisers to gain the consumers attention and spread the messages in order to reach target audience and buy their products.



The most successful use of this kind of viral marketing is not stand-alone, but as an integrated part of a brand’s overall strategy. One mistake brands and companies make is thinking that a viral campaign is an end in itself, rather than a means to end. Both viral marketing and public relations are the process not an event and they are combining together. Both of them are create buzz, to help build brands and shift product or messages.



Additionally, integrating viral marketing with public relations companies in the marketing mix does not mean making sure the campaign’s graphics are consistent across all media. It means telling a similar story in different ways across the media, depending on channel and audience, in a way appropriate to the peer-to-peer and file-sharing activities web users engage in.



I would say, understanding the place of Word of Mouse in the overall mix and using it strategically rather than tactically is the key to success of this approach, I think.




Reading List:


Chaffey, D., Chadwick, F. E., Johnston, K., Maryer, R. (2007) Internet marketing: strategy, implementation and practice England, Pearson Education Limited.



Smith, P.R. and Chaffey, D.(2005) E-marketing excellence-The heart of E-business Oxford, Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann.


Posted by: David | Friday, April 11,2008

Community Network + Conversational Marketing



Online communities are established based upon voluntary associations of people with shared interests or common purposes. It is a group of people who may or may not meet one another face to face and who exchange words and ideas through the mediation of computer bulletin boards and networks. Indeed, online community is about communication, and sharing of ideas (Rheingold, 1993).




It is this communicative core of community that makes possible the online community, an entity that parlays the power of new information technologies into shared knowledge, and information. The ability of members to compare their experiences and share their expertise transforms the online experience into a process of shared learning and community building (Hagel and Armstrong, 1997). However, Hagel defines this concept much more broadly and suggests that online communities be defined by bringing people together with a common set of needs or interests (Hagel and Armstrong, 1997). 


Dell Computer Corporation became a major player in the fiercely competitive high-tech industry soon after its formation in the mid-1980s. Dell developed and sold computer hardware, including network servers, desktop personal computers (PCs), and laptops, via direct sales to customers. In recent years, Dell has provided an online space for consumers to talk about their opinions for products and services. This online community has combine social networks and new technologies in this webpage in order to generate benefit both for the company and consumers.



Dell has provided many different online spaces for people to talk about specific topic in this community such us gaming, linux, digital photography, environment, etc. In those spaces, anyone can post their articles or opinions on it and exchange their experiences and share information to each other.



In this space, their consumers can provide any ideas or thoughts they think that is good or helpful for the company to improve their products and services in the future. So if you have any great idea you can post your opinion on this page, people who interesting in your article they might post some comments or suggestions on it. Moreover, any ideas in this webpage can be promoted and demoted by anyone. From company point of view, the vest majority of ideas are made from their consumers, consumers used Dell’s products and they exactly know what the problem is for specific products, so the company can gain lots product’s and service’s information form consumer’s perspective. As a result, this can provide an efficiency way for Dell to find out the problems or weakness more precisely and use the information to improve their product and services in the future.



Dell emphasizes that you can post your questions and you will get the answer. Thus, if you have any questions about particular products or services in Dell Company, people can post their questions and they will get the answer form Dell’s consumer services or form the people who has the same experience before. So, consumer can learn form each other rather than waiting for company reply.


“Conversational marketing was founded on ideas that came out of… the basic rules of human communication that we observe in action every day in the blogosphere and in online communities in general. One of those rules calls for complete transparency–something that’s not exactly compatible with the idea of paid agents spreading a marketer’s message, even if relationships are disclosed. Another of those ideas is the commitment to something other than broadcast thinking. The fundamental unit of human communication is the individual conversation, not a one-way message originating from a marketing department. Conversational marketing understands this. Word-of-mouth Marketing does not”


(Tom Hespos, President, Underscore Marketing, Oct 2006,



For both conversational and word of mouth marketing to succeed, I think people’s opinions are critical, because if majority of people disagree or against can be much more damaging, but the potential for an organization to connect, engage and understand their consumer base will be valuable for those who can succeed, not just from a marketing perspective, but also company product development.


Additional Information:

Figure: Use Of Social Network Websites (2006)



(Source:Ofcom research fieldwork conducted by ICM in June 2006)





Hagel, J. & Armstrong, A. (1997). Net.Gain: Expanding Markets through virtual communities, Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press.


Rheingold, H. (1993). The Virtual Community: Homesteading in the Electronic Frontier. New York: Addison-Wesley


Posted by: David | Monday, March 17,2008

MSN Impact


The huge recent growth in ‘personal web spaces’ such as Windows Live Spaces is changing the way for people using internet. Today people build a personal website, which becomes their own ‘territory’, it is their personal page to decorate, blog, update with photos and express a side they wish others to see. As ESOMAR (European Society for Opinion and Marketing Research) writer Vogt and Knapman (2007) states, the growth of social networking today is based on online personal spaces. But why this unique phenomenon is taking place and how we can use these social networks to targeting the new ‘digital consumer’ are becoming the hot issues for the nowadays advertisers.

Personal spaces is the way they offer an individual’s “territory”, and enable users to communicate directly, either one to one, or one to many. Within social networking, it is the combination of the personal nature of the environment with the connectivity to chosen networks that creates an online environment for both users and potential marketers (Vogt and Knapman, 2007).



(Source: The World Advertising Research Center)

There are some characteristic for personal spaces which are enable users to share thoughts with friends, detail their life with photos and video, to meet new people or generally browse other people’s lives. And it also provides an outlet for creativity, allowing users to express their individuality and satisfying their need of being part of a community. I would said, online personal spaces has already become a new phenomenon changing the way people communicate, maintain friendships and express themselves.

Microsoft is a main social media player and provider of free social software that delivers advertising opportunities across these applications. When we look at the Windows Live Spaces and today’s social networking environment, Windows Live Spaces was forecast to grow to more users in three years than MSN Messenger had done in seven years.



(Source: The World Advertising Research Center)

Windows Live Spaces offers Messenger users the opportunity to find out more about their contact to extend and deepen their relationship. For younger people, they use Windows Live Messenger to organize their social life, and using Windows Live Spaces to document and share their social life. On the other hand, older members use Windows Live Messenger and Windows Live Spaces to keep in touch and share their lives with friends and family.

“  Social networks need to have social relevance, otherwise they will eventually die. The open networks such as MySpace quickly lose social and critically, personal relevance as they are trying to serve the needs of too many people. A network works in the long term when it focuses on the individual, and the network develops based on contact-centric experiences that are completely focused on that individual, and are broadened out to people who matter to the individual the most”

(Moz Hussain, Global Group Product Manager, Windows Live Spaces).

Even Windows Live Spaces is “open” social software; it seems to operating in a “closed” social network, although there was demand for a degree of openness. People are expected in the future Windows Live Spaces can allow for safer searching of contacts to offer more online networking opportunities and offering a long term personal networking environment.

Additional information:







(Source: European Society for Opinion and Marketing Research)

Posted by: David | Tuesday, March 11,2008



Hey guys !

This poll is about what is the most efficiency public relations tool in today. And I do welcome everyone to join this little exercise; I hope you can enjoy that.


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